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Curtis Family and the American Civil War

oses Moore Curtis enlisted September 29, 1861 with the 3rd. Mississippi Infantry ~ Confederate States of America,  yet two of his younger brothers; William and Hillary Jr., enlisted three years later with the 3rd. Arkansas Union Cavalry Regiment, Co. I and fought for the other side.

The Seven Stars Light Artillery was commissioned by Governor Petus on May 14, 1861 and contained two captains; Capt. Hezekiah G.D. Brown and Capt. Calvit Roberts.  The unit started out as Captain H.G.D. Brown’s Company.  In August 30, 1831 the unit received its orders and was to be a part of the 3rd. Mississippi Infantry.  The company subsequently changed its name to Captain Roberts Company, Mississippi Artillery.   Capt. Roberts was the brother-in-law of Capt. Brown.

Moses Moore Curtis Company Muster Roll

The unit, like many other C.S.A. units, was stationed in Jackson, Mississippi due to the fact all major rail lines ran through the area.  There were thousands of troops that marked the landscape with scores of tented campsites.  Capt. Brown petitioned the State’s Quartermaster Department for tents, camping equipment and rations.  Recruiting notices appeared in the local papers and posters were tacked to nearly every tree, building and wagon calling for volunteers.  The women labored with needle and thread to clothe the men for the field.

Moses enlisted at Camp Clark located in Bay St. Louis, Mississippi and was mustered into Confederate service by Lt. Carleton Hunt from the Louisiana Artillery.  Most of the enlisted were men were from Copiah, Rankin, Hinds, and Simpson Counties in Mississippi.

The unit was considered “light” artillery due to the fact they only had four Smoothbores, two Howitzers (one 6 lb. and one 12 lb.) and two rifles.

On July 9, 1863 most of the unit was captured at Port Hudson and the unit was paroled the same month.  In February of 1864 the unit disbanded into three companies; A (old A and E), B (old B and D), and C which folded into Moorman’s Cavalry on February 23, 1864.  Many of the men from Capt. Roberts Company went onto serve in other Mississippi commands.

Even though Arkansas was a Confederate state, Little Rock  fell to Union Forces in 1863.  Arkansans supporting the Union formed some eleven infantry regiments, four cavalry regiments, and two artillery batteries to serve in the Union Army. None of those saw any heavy combat actions and few took part in any major battles they served mostly as by patrolling areas that had heavy Confederate activity.  It is during this is the time that the two brothers joined along with many others recruited primarily from Conway, Yell & Pulaski Counties in Arkansas.

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